Where is Valpolicella
Valpolicella is the name of the area of the Valpolicella valley, located next to Verona, in northern Italy’s Veneto region.
Its name (in latin language) “vallis polis cellae” actually means “the valley of many cellars”.
The soil is calcareous, limestone and clay rich.
What kind of Wines are made
In this area 4 different kind of red wine are made: 1) Valpolicella Classico and Valpolicella Classico Superiore, 2) Valpolicella Ripasso, 3) Recioto della Valpolicella , 4) Amarone della Valpolicella.
The grapes used are: Corvina, Rondinella, Corvinone and Molinara.
Valpolicella Classico and Valpolicella Classico Superiore
All the grapes used come from the Valpolicella “Classico” zone.
The “Classico” zone is characterized by the superior drainage, sunnier exposure to the sun and tighter production restrictions: all of them are features that influence positively the quality of the wine.
Usually Valpolicella Classico wines are light or medium bodied, high acidity and low tannins.
How this Ripasso style is created:
Wine Producers take the partially fermenting skins from “Amarone wine” production and they add them to Valpolicella Classico wine and let the skins macerate for a while. This technique adds more flavour, tannins, a bit of alcohol and body too – resulting in Valpolicella Ripasso.
Amarone della Valpolicella
This dry, bold, richly fruited, ageworthy red wine with high alcohol (15-16%) and subtle toast, smoke, and clove aromas.
This is how Amarone wine is created:
The grapes used to make this wine are shriveled using the Appassimento method. Producers pick bunches of grapes that are fresh, and then they dry them out a bit.
Recioto della Valpolicella
This is one rare sweet red wine. This wine works perfectly with dark chocolate or chocolate cake.
HOW RECIOTO DELLA VALPOLICELLA IS CREATED:
Producers use the same grapes that are used for Amarone.
However they stop early the fermentation (when yeast turn sugar into alcohol chemically) instead of letting finish.
In this way they produce red wine with some sweetness (around 50g/L of sugar) and about 12-13% alcool.